• fr
  • en

New European Environmental Agency report: “Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016”

The 4th edition of the European Environment Agency’s report on “Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe” was published in January 2017. This report, which is published every 4 years, is an indicator-based assessment of past and projected climate change and its impacts on ecosystems and society. It also looks at society’s vulnerability to these impacts and at the development of adaptation policies and the underlying knowledge base. This edition aims to support the implementation and review process of the 2013 EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change (COM/2013/0216), which is foreseen for 2018, and the development of national and transnational adaptation strategies and plans. This edition also includes a new section on the vulnerability of ecosystems and their services.

What are the main results related to mountains?

The report studies adaptation and vulnerability of the European macro-regions, including the Pyrenees (based on the OPCC’s results), the Alps (based on the Alpine Convention and EUSALP’s results) and the Carpathians (based on the Carpathian Convention results). Key findings in climate change in mountainous regions relate to the change of weather patterns (rise of temperatures, decrease of snow cover, increase of extreme weather events and especially hail) and loss of biodiversity, especially in the Alps which were recognised as a European hotspot for ecosystem services. The increase of extreme weather events is expected to threaten particularly infrastructure on one hand, compromising energy delivery and transport services, but also to increase slope instability on the other hand with the same effects. Changing river flow regimes because of glacier melt and less snow fall threatens agriculture, hydropower potential and winter tourism.

This EEA report in an indicator-based assessment of the current situation in Europe, it does not bring forward any adaptation solutions and the impact these may have. For examples of adaptation solutions to climate change in mountain areas, please see the good practices presented in October 2016 during the X° European Mountain Convention (Bragança, Portugal).

However, the report also points out the knowledge gaps identified by the European Commission in 2014 concerning climate change adaptation, grouped in 8 priority areas among which regional- and local-level adaptation. This priority states that: “Vulnerable European regions and systems need enhanced approaches, including topics such as mountains and their influence regions; the Mediterranean region, a climate change hotspot in all existing evaluations; European coastal areas; international rivers and their catchment areas; urban areas, including their wider metropolitan belts; rural areas and their societies; and islands and outermost regions.” According to the EEA report, Horizon 2020 and other EU-funded instruments such as LIFE Climate Action already address several of these gaps (mountains are target areas in the call for nature-based solutions for resilience for instance) but there is a need for more national research programmes. The Mountain Research Institute has published a Strategic Research Agenda to provide further inputs to the Horizon 2020 work programmes and calls 2018-2020.

European platforms with examples of climate change adaptation

This report related to another EEA report published in 2015 “Overview of climate change adaptation platforms in Europe”. If you are interested in finding out about case studies and good practices on climate change adaptation in Europe, you can visit (not mountain-specific but some case studies are located in mountain areas):

For more information

EEA website

Euromontana’s work on climate change

23 February 2017

Euromontana sur Facebook

1 day ago

🔜 Join us in Paris on 12 December to discuss mountain cooperation! 🤝We'll be talking about Euromontana's initiatives for environmental transition, cooperation at European scale to accelerate it, current debates and needs for tomorrow's action 🌱🌄Registration ⤵️ docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScAXXOrPgxXOYo9hJVZZ3kuZehn7crnKqLhmdzVyF6Y9HsUtA/viewformEurêka 21 Mountain Wilderness France Agència de Desenvolupament del Berguedà PETR du Briançonnais des Ecrins du Guillestrois et du QueyrasA l'occasion des 15 ans d'Eurêka 21, nous vous convions à un événement dédié à la #coopération et à la #transition écologique des #territoires !Venez découvrir à quelles conditions la coopération locale, nationale et européenne constituent un levier de la transformation écologique des territoires ! 🔗 Un événement gratuit sur inscription obligatoire : urlz.fr/ongFPlus d'infos : 📍Maison de l'Europe (29 avenue de Villiers, 75017 Paris) 🗓️Le 12 décembre 2023🕒De 14h à 20h30Un grand merci à Fiona Mille (Mountain Wilderness France), Rosa Maria Colomer Oró (Agència de Desenvolupament del Berguedà), Blandine Camus (Euromontana) et Pierre Leroy (PETR du Briançonnais des Ecrins du Guillestrois et du Queyras) pour leur participation ainsi qu'à la Maison de l'Europe de Paris CED pour son accueil !L'équipe d'Eurêka 21 (Séverine Bressaud, Isabella Livertout, Laurent Delcayrou, Cécilia Dumesnil) vous attend pour échanger autour de débats passionnants et partager un verre pour célébrer les 15 ans d’Eurêka 21 ! #Cooperation #Transition #Territoires #Europe #Montagnes ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

5 days ago

Plenty of food for thought to amplify the voice of European mountains at our 2023 General Assembly! 🌄🔸 Inspiring discussions the Rural Vision and climate change🔸 Lots of ideas for our future work on pastoralism and energy🔸 Clear synergies for future mountain projects🔸 Exciting exchanges with our new members Looking forward to our next edition ❗ ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

7 days ago

Packed room for our skills conference today in Brussels 🔛🔸 Opportunities & challenges for skills in mountains in transitions🔸 Initiatives to create & attract talents in our regions🔸 How the EU Rural Vision can support in attracting skills#EuropeanYearOfSkills #Talent4Regions ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

2 weeks ago

❗ Lavora con noi! 🔍 Nell'ambito del progetto MountResilience, co-finanziato dalla Commissione Europea sulle Missioni di Horizon Europe dedicate all’adattamento al #cambiamentoclimatico, è aperto un bando di concorso per un collaboratore tecnico- scientifico categoria D.📅 Scadenza: 28/11/2023👉 Scopri di più: tinyurl.com/CollaboratoreMountResilience👉 Scarica il bando: tinyurl.com/BandoCollaboratoreUniversità degli Studi di Milano @follower#UNIMONT #UNIMI #Montagne #Alpi #Alps #Innovation #MountainStudents #ClimateChange #Biodiversity #MountainResearch #MountainEducation #MountainWork ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

Euromontana sur Twitter