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Ongoing adaptation efforts insufficient to tackle climate change in mountain areas says new IPCC report

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently published the second part of the Sixth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, which includes an entire Cross-Chapter Paper on Mountains. This new report underlines the interdependences between the climate system, ecosystems and human communities, and highlights the urgent need to deploy more efforts to adapt to climate change. This in particular holds true for mountain areas, where climate change acts faster.

The report recalls that climate change will have negative impacts in mountain areas and cascade effects on lowland communities, which are often dependent on ecosystem services provided by the mountains. More frequent or more severe fires will for instance affect ecosystems. The rise in temperature will also impact water supply for populations and related sectors. At global scale, 68% of irrigated agricultural areas in lowlands for example depend on essential runoff contributions from the mountains and food production could therefore suffer from melting glaciers.

The IPCC scientists have studied a wide range of adaptation measures implemented in mountain areas. Some solutions are now well known in the agricultural sector, such as crop diversification, use of local varieties and support to local knowledge and pastoralists who help maintain the productive value of mountain agriculture. There are also more and more examples of regions adopting strategies to boost the adaptation of their tourism industry by diversifying the offer and decrease the dependence over ski tourism, as done in the Pyrenees. In May 2021, Euromontana organised the webinar “Smart Mountains: Climate Adaptation – What opportunities for mountain businesses?” which provided more examples of successful adaptation strategies in the tourism, forestry and agricultural sectors in European mountains.

Of all the adaptations measures studied by the IPPC scientists, 91% involve individuals or households, frequently engaged in smallholder agriculture and/or pastoralism, respectively 31% and 29% involve local governments and sub-national or local civil society actors while only 10% involve the private sector. Moreover, most of the adaptation measures implemented have so far focused on the adaptation of agriculture and tourism, while other areas are relatively neglected.

The IPCC report stresses that the current efforts for adaptation are insufficient to address future risks in mountain areas. The observations made by researchers show that the actions implemented do not respond to sufficient challenges, being too often limited to the agricultural and tourism sectors, do not sufficiently include private operators, do not enough engage with local communities and their needs, and face obstacles related to the social and economic acceptability of certain transition and adaptation measures. The report therefore highlights that successful adaptation strategies must engage with local people and address their concerns and values, rather than focusing on one single risk and the directly involved actors. It also calls for a better governance in order to build coherence and ambitious adaptation strategies for mountain areas beyond administrative borders.

Euromontana shares the IPCC’s concerns about the urgent need to better adapt to climate change in mountains. Euromontana welcomes the adaptation initiatives undertaken by the agriculture and tourism sectors, but also calls for a wider deployment of efforts. Cooperation between territories and with local communities is increasingly crucial to build resilient territories and resolve conflicts related to the use of natural resources.

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15 March 2022

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🆕Relive the XII European Mountain Convention on Smart Mountains!Now available: 👉the Sila Declaration for Smart Mountains 🌄👉the event report, presentations, brochure of smart initiatives👉the video of the ConventionVisit: www.emc2022.info/eventreport ... See MoreSee Less
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A few days left to register to our webinar on sustainable tourism on Dec 8📅🚵‍♀️Join the discussions & discover the stories of:Syndicat Mixte Canigou Grand SiteLabex ITTEM - Innovations et transitions territoriales en montagne 2TM - Transitions des Territoires de MontagneRRA Podravje - MariborAgenda 👇www.euromontana.org/en/events/sustainable-tourism-development-models-for-mountain-areas/Join us and Emblematic to discuss sustainable tourism! 🏂🔸Ski in the context of climate change🔸Stakeholders cooperation🔸Good practices📆8 Dec💻OnlineProgramme & registration 👇www.euromontana.org/en/events/sustainable-tourism-development-models-for-mountain-areas/Labex ITTEM - Innovations et transitions territoriales en montagne ... See MoreSee Less
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We stand for #SmartMountains for 2050! 🌄The Sila Final Declaration from the XII European Mountain Convention commits to:🔄 resilience: to socio-economic, environmental, climatic, migratory and other changes⛰ attractiveness: by offering jobs, services and a good quality of life🌱 sustainability: with good management of their natural resources and recognised ecosystem servicesFind out more about our recommendations on dedicated polices & funding, community involvement, the Rural Pact, research and innovation and cooperation between stakeholders & more 👇www.euromontana.org/en/sila-declaration-smart-mountains-making-our-territories-more-attractive-an...Cia - Agricoltori Italiani CIA-Agricoltori Italiani della Calabria Parco Nazionale della Sila Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali ARSAC Azienda Regionale per lo Sviluppo dell'Agricoltura Calabrese G.A.L. SILA GAL Kroton HAZI Università della Montagna Asociatia RoMontana ERSAF Eurac Research GDR Terras de Pontevedra Norte Demanda Coworking Rural YESpecialists CTP EUSALP youth.shaping.EUSALP Mountain Partnership Moving - Mountain Valorisation through Interconnectedness and Green Growth ... See MoreSee Less
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Dans le cadre du webinar d'@Euromontana le 8 décembre, Raffaella Balzarini du @LabexITTEM interviendra sur le thème "New development models for mountain ski resorts in a context of climate change". Elle y présentera notamment le projet @EUAlpineSpace #Transtat. https://t.co/r1Jl00DFPP

🆕Relive the XII European Mountain Convention on #SmartMountains!

Now available:
👉the Sila Declaration for Smart Mountains 🌄
👉the event report, presentations, brochure of smart initiatives
👉the video of the conference

ℹ️ visit: https://t.co/NbLKxjqnRb

Few days left to register to our webinar on #SustainableTourism on Dec 8📅

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75% of Europe's #grasslands are in poor conservation status 🆘 But a change in policy or management can improve their #conservation! 🌱

More on Oreka Mendian's actions to restore the #pastures of the Basque mountains 👇
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🔥Yesterday FIRE-RES consortium had the opportunity to visit the sites where the two largest fires in Dutch history happened! An exciting opportunity to learn how the fire management system works in The Netherlands and the challenges for the upcoming years!🔥
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