• fr
  • en

Transhumance as UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage?

The wide range of practices, know-hows, skills, ethnographic elements, toponyms, festivals, gastronomy, and events linked to transhumance, together with its socio-environmental benefits, has prompted Italy, Austria and Greece to present Transhumance as a candidate for the UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list. But what is transhumance, and why is it so important to recognising it as Intangible Cultural Heritage?

Transhumance is a form of pastoralism based on the seasonal migration of people and their livestock. This recurrent migration can vary in distance and takes place between regions with different climatic conditions. By following drove routes, transhumant herders lead their animals to the best pasturelands all year round. This ensures both that the animals get the best feed possible and avoids overexploiting the area’s resources.

Such migratory movements require transhumant herders to have a broad and profound knowledge on, for instance: their animal’s needs and how to protect them; the characteristics of the different habitats and climate; and sustainable management of the land and its natural resources. A special bond with their animals is a must, as the herders do not only travel accompanied by livestock, but also by dogs, for protection, and pack animals. Moreover, being a transhumant herder requires not just all this knowledge, but also many practical skills necessary to ensure the well-being of their animals and themselves while on the road.

The drove roads themselves are a product of many centuries of use, and some countries like Spain have mapped the main network of drove roads crossing the country. Next to these roads, many historical settlements have been developed, together with stables, huts, and places of worship. The beginning and end of the transhumant period are often marked by the celebration of festivities and events, like the annual transhumance in the Schnalstal Valley (Italy).

Transhumance plays many social and environmental functions. On the environmental side, it shapes landscapes, helps preventing forest fires, and creates ecological corridors. It contributes to preserving and enhancing biodiversity, and has an important role in fighting climate change through a more sustainable use of natural resources. On the socio-cultural side, transhumance creates cultural identities and ties between communities, and provides with high-quality products such as cheese, meat, wool, and leather. This in turn plays an essential role in supporting peripheral economies in rural areas and fighting depopulation. Regarding the socio-environmental nexus, the EU LIFE Project Oreka Mendian, which Euromontana is a partner of, is working on sustainably balancing the conservation of pastureland with its socio-economic use.

Altogether, transhumance is more sustainable than intensive livestock farming, providing both important ecosystem services and increasing human well-being in manifold ways. It is not just cultural heritage, but a way of living through a sustainable relationship between humankind and nature. As such, it would surely deserve being enlisted as UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. In November 2019, the governing Commission of UNESCO will make public their final decision the nomination.

Other mountainous countries are also interested in getting involved and giving transhumance this special denomination; what about yours?

 

Share
8 May 2019

Euromontana sur Facebook

6 days ago

Euromontana

Vă invităm în perioada 23 – 25 mai 2019, la cea de-a XXI–a ediţie a Conferinţei ştiinţifice internaţionale "Turismul rural românesc în context internațional. Actualitate şi perspective", ce va avea loc la Vatra Dornei.

We invite you on May 23 - 25, 2019, at the XXIth edition of the International Scientific Conference "Romanian Rural Tourism in an International Context. Actuality and Perspectives", to be held in Vatra Dornei.

Organizatori: Agenția Națională a Zonei Montane, împreună cu Academia Română, filiala Iaşi – Institutul de Cercetări Economice şi Sociale "Gh. Zane" și Institutul Național de Cercetări Economice "Costin C. Kiriţescu"/INCE Centrul de Economie Montana "CE-MONT" Vatra Dornei, Ministerul Agriculturii și Dezvoltării Rurale – Reteaua Nationala de Dezvoltare Rurala - RNDR, alături de Primăria Municipiului Vatra Dornei, Asociaţia Naţională de Turism Rural Ecologic şi Cultural - ANTREC Bucovina, Institutul Naţional de Cercetare Dezvoltare în Turism - INCDT Bucureşti, Asociaţia Europeană a Ţărilor cu Munţi – Euromontana și Asociația Generală a Economiștilor din România AGER - Filiala Iaşi.

Evenimentul se adresează oamenilor de știință, cercetătorilor, cadrelor didactice universitare, doctoranzilor, masteranzilor, cu preocupări în cercetarea fenomenului turistic din spațiul rural, care, împreună cu managerii de pensiuni turistice și agroturistice încearcă să găsească soluții optime de revigorare a mediului rural și a fenomenului turistic din acest spaţiu.

Tematica manifestării:
 Turismul rural și agroturismul în contextul dezvoltării durabile la nivel naţional, regional și global;
 Tradiționalism vs. modernism în turismul rural;
 Strategii naționale și regionale de dezvoltare a turismului rural;
 Managementul și marketingul e-turismului;
 Comportamentul prestatorilor şi consumatorilor de servicii de turism rural;
 Rolul legislaţiei în domeniu în promovarea şi dezvoltarea turismului rural;
 Turismul rural din perspectivă multidisciplinară şi interdisciplinară: economie, sociologie, drept, psihologie, antropologie, etnografie, folclor etc.
 Bune practici internaționale

Lucrările Conferinței vor avea loc la Agenția Națională a Zonei Montane, din Vatra Dornei, strada Runc nr. 23, în „Amfiteatrul Munților”, după următorul Program:
Joi, 23 mai
13.00 - 14.00 Înregistrarea participanților
14.00 - 14.30 Deschiderea oficială
14.30 - 15.30 Prezentarea lucrărilor ştiinţifice – Partea I
15.30 - 16.00 Pauză cafea
16.00 - 19.00 Prezentarea lucrărilor ştiinţifice – Partea II
20.00 - 21.00 Cina
Vineri, 24 mai
09.00 - 11.00 Prezentarea lucrărilor ştiinţifice – Partea III
11.00 - 11.30 Pauză cafea
11.30 - 14.00 Prezentarea lucrărilor ştiinţifice – Partea IV
14.00 - 15.30 Pauză de masă
15.30 - 17.30 Prezentarea lucrărilor ştiinţifice – Partea V
17.30 - 18.00 Pauză cafea
18.00 - 19.30 Dezbateri, Concluzii
19.30 - 20.00 Închiderea lucrărilor
20.00 - 21.00 Cina festivă
Sâmbătă, 25 mai
09.30 - 16.00 Aplicaţie practică în comuna Vama

Mai multe detalii aici: geodantacu.wixsite.com/rorut?fbclid=IwAR23N_-GCwNINkE37dm48j6EVqTlo-TEWcoqDNnQL6wvl6GSFlr1-w7HJvE
... See MoreSee Less

View on Facebook

Euromontana sur Twitter

The brown bear is back in Portugal! 🐻 Scientists are now defining if its population could be stable in this area and giving recommendations to beekeepers in the meantime to facilitate coexistence.
https://t.co/bGxEPb3duf

Romania adopted measures to encourage on-farm restauration! 👩‍🌾
Local Gastronomic Points are an innovative way to promote #MountainProducts, #SustainableTourism and rural development at the same time!
See how it works 👇
https://t.co/GsdjqEGiNi

On the agenda of our partners meeting today in Tolmin, Slovenia:
➡️Reviewing our past activities and planning future ones
➡️Assessing our progresses
➡️Presenting and discussing good practices
Tomorrow is our international conference on #ActiveAgeing
https://t.co/Mtwq2ZRD2I

We are today attending the @ENRD_CP workshop on rural depopulation and presenting @simra_eu’s innovative #GoodPractices to tackle this challenge!

Social innovation in organic farming to revitalise rural areas 👉Keep on reading about this topic in this article wrtitten by @lachicadelDyane and @Luzieta_ for The @SEAE_Agroecolog Magazine 🐮

https://t.co/uMtWMzQSrz

Load More...