• fr
  • en

Environment and climate change

Mountains are “Europe’s ecological backbone”

Mountains: an asset for the benefit of all Europe

wildflowers-142900_1920People who go on holidays in mountain areas will not contradict this statement: environment is a strong asset of those regions. The forests, the landscapes, the purity of air and water, the rich biodiversity of those areas do not only benefit mountains’ dwellers, but also Europe in its entirety. For instance, we talk about mountains as being “Europe’s water towers” because the precipitations on their summits flow downstream to provide water to the populations, for irrigation and industrial uses. The European Environment Agency is therefore right to talk about mountains as being ”Europe’s ecological backbone”.

 

A fragile asset

The characteristics of climate and relief of mountains explain why they have specific ecosystems. Those are often fragile and threatened in particular by human changes of activity (e.g. changes of land use) and by climate change. In fact, mountain areas are recognised by the European Commission as being amongst the most vulnerables areas sensitive to climate change: fast rising temperatures, massive melting of glaciers, changes of precipitation levels and of water courses, evolution of vegetation lines, etc.

 

Impacts of climate change on mountain areas

There are many impacts of climate change in mountain areas.

Agriculture – The intensification of the hydrological cycle, glacier and permafrost retreat, and the predicted increase in the scale and frequency of extreme events might lead to significant increases in soil erosion and floods, with considerable effects on mountain farming.

Water – The global increase in mean temperatures of 0.8 °C in the last 150 years (2 °C in some mountain regions) has caused glaciers to melt rapidly and new anomalous and unpredictable precipitation patterns pose a threat to the ability of lakes, reservoirs, glaciers, and seasonal ice and snow to accumulate and store water.

Biodiversity – Mountains are particularly susceptible to biodiversity loss as many mountain species can survive only in limited climatic niches. In some mountain areas, warming temperatures have started to push species from lower to higher elevations.

Tourism – Climate change will continue to decrease the availability of snow for winter sports; will increase the risks of natural disasters, affecting transport infrastructure and settlements as well as the security of tourists; and will result in changes to water regimes and the attractiveness of the landscapes on which many aspects of tourism depend.

Natural hazards – Climate change increases the frequency and the strength of natural hazards in mountain areas. Heavy rainfalls lead to floods and landslides, very dry periods lead to fires and the loss of crops and animals, and heavy snowfalls cause avalanches. Changes in local weather patterns alter biodiversity with potentially cascading effects on pest infestations and plant disease rates.

Mountain people and the European population in general must act in favour of the preservation of environment in mountain areas.

 

Our actions

Policy – Lobbying

Follow –up of activities at EU level. Euromontana closely follows and informs its members about the European policy regarding environment and climate change.marmot-1960_640

More information: see all the articles in the ‘Documents & Links’ section (for members only)

 

Events

 

Studiesspider-web-houseleek-177263_1920

Innovation and Circular Economy in the Mountain Forest Supply Chain: How to Close the Loop?

The study, finalised in March 2017, presents the concept of the circular economy, its potential application in forestry, with a focus on the mountain forest supply chain, and the circular economy at the EU level. It also presents a series of 12 good practices in innovation and circular economy in mountain forestry to show how the concepts may be applied in practice.

Read the study “Innovation and Circular Economy in the Mountain Forest Supply Chain: How to close the loop?”

Other studies

See the studies realised in the framework of the call for project linked to the French law on the development and attractiveness of rural territories (LDTR projects)

 

Projectsbee-423566_1280

OREKA MENDIAN (2016-2021)

Euromontana is a partner of the LIFE project “OREKA MENDIAN” coordinated by HAZI in the Basque Country, Spain.

The main objective of the LIFE OREKA MENDIAN project is to develop a common strategy for managing mountain pasturelands located in 15 Natura 2000 sites in the Basque Country and 8 Special Areas of Conservation in Iparralde, seeking a balance between conservation interests and those of the users. This project will lay the foundations to ensure that mountain pastures, which constitute threatened areas at the European level, are managed in a way that ensures the conservation of their habitats and species. In view of this situation, the LIFE OREKA MENDIAN project aims to develop a conservation strategy based on maintaining the traditional use of pastures and seeking a balance between the forage supply of these areas and the demand for utilization by the livestock farmers. For this, the owners, users, managers of natural spaces, experts and local agents will be involved in the integrated and sustainable management of mountain pastures.

PEGASUS (2015-2018)

Euromontana is a partner of the HORIZON 2020 project “PEGASUS” (Public Ecosystem Goods And Services from land management – Unlocking the Synergies) coordinated by IEEP in the UK.

EU’s agricultural and forestry land provides a wide range of public goods (PG) and ecosystem services (ESS) on which society depends, yet land use decisions and society often under-value these goods and services. PEGASUS will develop innovative, practical ways of making PG and ESS concepts accessible and operational: it will identify how, where and when cost-effective mechanisms and tools for policy, business and practice can most effectively be applied, in-creasing the sustainability of primary production in pursuit of the EU2020 vision of ‘smart, sustainable and inclusive growth’.

For more information, contact Blandine Camus

Share

Euromontana sur Facebook

Pour ne rien rater de Grenoble Capitale Verte Européenne 2022 : la Maison de l'International de Grenoble vous met à disposition un espace dédiéProfitez-en pour continuer à suivre la programmation de cette riche année, avec l'exposition "Our future planet" en partenariat avec la British Embassy Paris, à découvrir du 7 au 25 février.N'oubliez pas qu'on a aussi un espace dédié à notre projet Montana174, venez le découvrir ! #europeangreencapitale2022 #EUGreenCapital#greengrenoble2022#DONCJAGISEuromontana L'Europe s'engage en France EUSALP Commission européenne en France ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

11 hours ago

Euromontana
Our European report on mountain youth is out! 🌄What do mountain young people want?👉To live and work in the mountains👉Easier access to education, jobs and transport👉More sustainable and better protected mountains👉Vibrant villages & active communitiesCountry factsheets also available for: 🇫🇷🇮🇹🇳🇴🇵🇱🇷🇴🇪🇸Check out the report ⬇️www.euromontana.org/en/being-young-in-a-mountain-area-euromontanas-report-is-out/Educ'alpes - réseau d'éducation à la montagne UNITA - Universitas Montium ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

14 hours ago

PINS Skrad
👉 Jeste li čuli za Kulturno- turističku rutu Putovima Frankopana?📌U Hrvatskoj se kulturna baština valorizira i privlači nove turiste zahvaljujući Kohezijskoj politici.📌Poslušajte što nam je Klara Bukovac ispričala o Kulturno-turističkoj ruti Putovima Frankopama u Brodu na Kupi.🏰___________________________________________👉 Did you hear about The Routes of the Frankopans cultural-tourist route?📌In Croatia, cultural heritage is valorised and attract new tourists thanks to the Cohesion Policy.📌Listen to what Klara Bukovac told us about the The routes of the Frankopans – Broda na Kupi Visitors Centre.🏰...Euromontana Europe Direct Isère Savoie ERSAF RRA Podravje - Maribor Diputación de Teruel - DPT Directorate General of Regional and Urban Policy - European Commission Stalni postav Prirodoslovnog muzeja Rijeka u Kaštelu Zrinskih ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

14 hours ago

PINS Skrad
👉 Jeste li znali da Osnovna škola Skrad uspjšeno koristi sredsta iz Kohezijskog fonda?📌Zahvaljujući Kohezijskoj politici Osnovna škola u Skradu brine se o djeci s posebnim potrebama te educira učenike o odvajanju otpada.📖🗑️📌Poslušajte što nam je o tome ispričala ravnateljica škole Vesna Pintar Grgurić.____________________________________________👉 Did you know that Skrad Elementary School successfully uses funds from the Cohesion Fund?📌The elementary school in Skrad takes care of kids with special needs and educate children to waste separation thanks to the Cohesion Policy. 📖🗑️📌Listen to what the school principal Vesna Pintar Grgurić told us about that....Euromontana Europe Direct Isère Savoie ERSAF RRA Podravje - Maribor Diputación de Teruel - DPT Directorate General of Regional and Urban Policy - European Commission ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

14 hours ago

PINS Skrad
👉 Znate li za Zaželi – program zapošljavanja žena?📌U Hrvatskoj je zahvaljujući Kohezijskoj politici više od 3000 žena pomoglo starijim ljudima u potrebi. 👵🏻👴🏼📌Poslušajte na koji način gospođi Boženi Esih pomaže gerontodomaćica koja dolazi u njezin dom.___________________________________👉 Do you know about Zaželi - women's employment program?📌In Croatia, more than 3000 women have been to assist people in need in their own homes thanks to Cohesion Policy. 👵🏻👴🏼📌Listen to the way in which Mrs. Božena Esih is helped by a geronto housewife who comes to her home....Euromontana Europe Direct Isère Savoie ERSAF RRA Podravje - Maribor Diputación de Teruel - DPT Directorate General of Regional and Urban Policy - European Commission ... See MoreSee Less
View on Facebook

Euromontana sur Twitter

Our 🇪🇺 report on mountain #youth is out!🌄

Young people want
👉To live & work in the mountains
👉Easier access to #education #jobs #transport
👉More sustainable & better protected mountains
👉Vibrant villages

⬇️Check out the report⬇️
https://t.co/pAdBFlZl4v
#EuropeanYearOfYouth

🔊¿Quieres saber cómo influye la Política de Cohesión en las montañas?

📃En esta entrevista a Carla Lostrangio de @Euromontana te lo contamos!👇

#montana #climatechange #clima #rural #politicadecohesión @AEIDL @SustLabUCO 
https://t.co/DbvkP6sg7m

Do you think #RuralAreas must be at the centre of the green and digital transitions?

We are launching the #RuralPact, a new platform for local, national and EU stakeholders to strengthen governance for Rural Araes!
Share your #RuralVisionEU: https://t.co/psW83VrvnQ

#LTVRA

📢 #JobOpportunity: The Permanent Secretariat of the #AlpineConvention is currently hiring for the position of Senior Executive Officer! We are looking for a motivated & talented individual to contribute to & support our work 🦸‍♀️🦸‍♂️

👉 Full job description: https://t.co/XIDSShloZH

📣 The FIRE-RES kick-off meeting is now taking place in Solsona (Spain)!

What is FIRE-RES?

A new EU-funded H2020 project (2021-2025) that aims to make Europe a fire-resilient continent 🔥🏠

👉 Follow us to learn more!

Load More...