Daily mobility: how to improve the quality of life of mountain inhabitants?

Daily mobility: how to improve the quality of life of mountain inhabitants?

12 October 2021

Mobility plays an important role in the attractiveness of a region. In many rural and mountain areas, there is a persisting traditional car dependency, and the absence of adequate collective transport solutions imposes social and territorial exclusion of some segments of rural inhabitants. No matter how much effort is spent on education, promotion of tourism, development of new economic initiatives, etc.: accessibility remains a key to success for development initiatives and the lack of good accessibility affects any development strategy implemented in rural territories.

Mountain areas present specific challenges such as the importance of distances to cover while the number of inhabitants can be low, sparsely populated areas with several villages of small towns (like in Spain or Romania) reducing even more the economic viability of public transport lines, a high number of elderly people, sometimes a high poverty rate and a relative remoteness to the main airports /railway /road nodes. Mountain areas should also face specific geographic conditions with slopes, altitude and protected areas. Roads and railways are expensive and difficult to build up steep mountain valleys.

Taking into account these specific constraints, how can daily mobility of mountain inhabitants be improved? Are the traditional solutions used in urban areas adapted for the specific needs of mountain inhabitants?

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